To fight against poverty, misery, to nourish the children, the pregnant mothers, and the people in general. That is one of the big differences with capitalism, that it is savage by nature. Versus socialism, which is human by nature.
Of course, Marx had the vision of Germany and Europe at that time and knew very little about the realities of Latin America. As a matter of fact, he knew so little that he wrote articles condemning Simón Bolívar. Karl Marx made a lot of mistakes. That is why it isn’t healthy for anyone to follow the ABC’s for anyone. Also, Bolívar made mistakes and we have also made mistakes. Nobody is infallible, especially when it comes down to ideas. Which are, like waves or currents, often very turbulent.
You know that many people have tried to characterize the now defunct Soviet system as ‘state capitalist.’ I do not think that such a characterization makes any sense at all. The Soviet system was not ‘state capitalist’; it was ‘post-capitalist.’ Nevertheless, this system also operated on the basis of appropriation of surplus labor by a separate body, structurally dominating the labor and operating the political extraction of the surplus labor. The Soviet-type system was historically specific from the capital system in which the appropriation of surplus labor had to be politically controlled.
That is what has come to an end in the former Soviet Union, but by no means everywhere. In the Chinese system you still find the predominance of the political control of surplus labor extraction. Although many people talk about the ‘market framework in the Chinese system,’ in reality— when you consider the totality of China’s metabolic reproduction— the market is very much subsidiary to it. So, primarily, in the Chinese system the political appropriation of surplus labor is still going on and indeed on a massive scale. In this sense, when you look at the problem of conversion from the angle of ‘surplus labor,’ rather than ‘surplus value’— which must be present in a particular variety of the capital system— then you find that in the capitalist variety (based on surplus value) it is essential to operate with the intermediary of conversion whose particular details are historically contingent. They also depend on the historic phases of capitalist development. Thus, the more advanced monopolistic phases of capitalist development must obviously operate in a significantly different way the conversion of surplus value into prices, as compared to a much earlier phase of development known to Marx.
Nope, only a select few I believe. I’ve only seen one more, the SO-CAL club, but it hasn’t been updated in a while. There may be others I think, though.
Thanks for following! I refollowed on my main blog.
Socialism is that social system under which the necessaries of production are owned, controlled, and administered by the people, for the people, and under which, accordingly, the cause of political and economic despotism having been abolished, class rule is at end. — That is socialism, nothing short of that.